BDS Movement, Se originalartikkel her
05 September 2016
Mr. Tokyo Sexwale, Chairman
Chairman, Israel-Palestine Monitoring Committee
Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)
Cc: Mr Gianni Infantino, President, FIFA
Re: Inclusion of illegal settlement football teams in Israeli leagues
The Palestinian BDS National Committee (BNC) the largest coalition in Palestinian civil society including trade unions, political parties, popular committees and NGOs, which guides the global BDS movement is shocked to learn that at the 66th Annual FIFA Congress on 13 May 2016 you adopted Israel’s terminology in referring to the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza as “disputed” and “contested” territories.
According to international law, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are occupied by Israel. The 2004 opinion of the ICJ unequivocally states that all Israeli settlements built on Palestinian – and Syrian – territories occupied in 1967 as illegal. The United Nations, the European Union and the US refer to these territories as occupied. FIFA is bound to respect and adhere to international law and we expect it to do so in this instance.
Since Israel is an occupying power, and its settlements are illegal, the inclusion of settlement football teams in Israeli leagues legitimizes their existence, negates the authority of the Palestinian Football Association, and hinders the Palestinian right to self-determination thereby violating Palestinian human rights. Their inclusion also violates FIFA’s statutes (Art. 3, 11 (1), 72 (2), 73).
FIFA has an unequivocal policy against racism and had played a historic role in the fight against apartheid. Yet Israel practices occupation, settler-colonialism and apartheid by, inter alia, occupying Palestinian territory, denying Palestinians our inalienable right to self-determination, as well as besieging Gaza and committing massacres against Palestinians living in it.
Israel persistently harasses Palestinian footballers, denying them their right to movement inside the occupied territory as well as outside, whether for training or participation in matches. The Israeli army has bombed Palestinian stadiums several times and prevented football spectators and fans fromtravelling to matches. This occupation should not be rewarded by political support for Israel’s practices by considering the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem as ‘disputed’ territories and allowing its occupying teams to participate in the Israeli League.
On June 16, 1976, the FIFA congress in Montreal decided to expel South Africa from FIFA as a response to the South African apartheid policy. Leading South African anti-apartheid figures, including Nobel Peace Prize winner Archbishop Desmond Tutu, have stated that the Israeli apartheid is worse than the South African apartheid was. Following a recent visit to the occupied Palestinian territory, South African Parliamentary Speaker Baleka Mbete wrote, “Apartheid in South Africa was a picnic compared to what we have seen in the occupied territories.”
We therefore call on the Israeli Palestine Monitoring Committee to recognise the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza as occupied and the settlement clubs as illegal. This implies that Israel must not accept the settlement football teams to be part of the Israeli leagues and competitions – just as Crimean teams were forbidden to play in Russian leagues. If it does not, then there is no option for FIFA other than to suspend the Israeli Football Association to maintain its consistency and credibility.
FIFA must heed the recent Ruggie report on respect for human rights across FIFA to assure millions of football fans worldwide that it respects and adheres to international law. An occupation which is fundamentally racist against Palestinians and which displays all the characteristics of apartheid should not be accommodated by FIFA.
The Palestinian BDS National Committee (BNC)